Past Tense for Group 3 Verbs

So far we’ve been talking about Group 1 and Group 2 verbs, that is:

Group 1: regular verbs (where also the verb lát belongs to)

Group 2: verbs in two consonants, verbs in -ít, monosyllabic verbs with long ű in -t


Group 3 verbs take -ott, -ett, -ött in 3rd PS indefinite conjugation. Any other form whether indefinite or definite is regular. These verbs are:

Specifically these 5 verbs in -ad, -ed:
fogad – fogadott (to receive)
tagad  – tagadott (to deny)
szenved – szenvedett (to suffer)
enged – engedett (to allow)
téved – tévedett (to be wrong)

Any other verb ending in -ad, -ed simply takes -t in 3rd PS indefinite conjugation: ragadt, dagadt, szaladt, eredt, terjedt… > the dt at the end of these verbs is pronounced as double tt!

All verbs ending in -at, -et:
kutat – kutatott (to search)
nevet – nevetett (to laugh)

The verbs hív, szív and any other monosyllabic verb containing short i or long í or ending in two consonants:
hív – hívott (to call)
szív – szívott (to smoke)
tilt – tiltott (to forbid)
nyit – nyitott (to  open)

NOTE! These verbs are DEEP-VOWEL VERBS!

These 3 verbs:
mond – mondott (to say)
küld – küldött (to send)
kezd – kezdett (to start)

Other 3 verbs:
áll – állott, állt (to stand)
száll – szállott, szállt (to fly)
hull – hullott, hullt (to fall slowly)

NOTE! These 3 verbs can have two types of the 3rd PS indefinite form: with or without a link vowel. If you take my advice, you should use állt, szállt, hullt, hullott. The past tenses állott and szállott sound a bit antiquated.

SO ONE MORE TIME! These verbs:

– tagad, fogad, szenved, enged, téved
– all verbs in -at, -et
– hív, szív + monosyllabic verbs with long í or short i and/or ending in two consonants
– mond, küld, kezd
– áll, száll, hull

take the 3rd PS indefinite past tense form with a link vowel: -ott, -ett, -ött. The verbs áll, száll, hull can take -t, as well. The monosyllabic verbs with i, í are deep-vowel verbs.

So much for today. Bye now. 🙂

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