A test – The body
NOTE! Hungarian treats body parts as singular objects. You can make them plural, of course, but fundamentally they are singular (unlike in English: ears, eyes…)
FEJ – HEAD
szem eyes (> singular in Hungarian)
ajak lips (> singular in Hungarian)
fül ears (> singular in Hungarian)
szempilla eyelashes (> singular in Hungarian)
FELSŐ TESTRÉSZEK – UPPER BODY PARTS
hüvelyk ujj thumb
mutató ujj index finger
középső ujj middle finger
gyűrűs ujj ring-finger
kisujj little finger
ALSÓ TESTRÉSZEK – LOWER BODY PARTS
nemiszerv genitals (> singular in Hungarian)
pénisz, hímvessző penis
here testicle (> singular in Hungarian)
haj = hair on your head
szőr = hair on any other bodypart (but not on your head)
A very helpful list for a beginner like me. Nagyon köszönöm!
I was wondering about the actual meaning of words “kar” and “kéz”. I understand that it means “arm” and “hand” respectively with the same meaning it has in English language (if I’m not mistaking).
However, in the northern part of Serbia Hungarians almost always use word “kéz” for both arm and hand, except when they want to explicitly denote that it is a whole arm. I was wondering if that is also the case in the proper Hungarian or is it just the case in some of the surrounding countries?
Thank you for this list and thank you in advance for taking time.
In the proper Hungarian kar is arm and kéz is hand, as you said. Their meaning is always separated in the Hungarian mind. There can be regional differences in the areas where Hungarian people are in minority and developed a “local Hungarian language”.
I have the same situation with some people from Transilvania. They have the word “kar”, but they usually use “kez” refering to the arm. Later in spanish they often use the word “pie” (foot) instead of “pierna” (leg) to say something about the leg. But anyway, that’s logic as they use only “lab” for both concepts.
I just want to add that the Hungarian word for ‘foot’ is ‘lábfej’ (literally: leghead) and for ‘leg’ we simply use ‘láb’.
would you be able to explain the possessive form of the body parts? Like my eyes, his eyes, your eyes?
Sorry for answering only now, I’m going to make an entry about it soon.
LikeLiked by 1 person
[…] the https://myhunlang.com/2010/07/13/vocabulary-body-parts-part-1/ entry, we have talked about the idea of two body parts considered one. Usually, it is enough to say […]