Hungarian verbs can be turned into nouns with the suffixes -ás, -és and -at, -et. The question is: what’s the difference between their meanings?
-ÁS, -ÉS: they refer to the progress of the action expressed by the verb.
-AT, -ET: they refer to the result of the action expressed by the verb.
emel – to lift, to raise; to elevate
emelés – lifting; elevation
emelet – storey; floor
ír – to write
írás – writing
irat – document; written paper > note that the long í becomes short i.
von – to drag, to draw
vonás – dragging; line; feature
vonat – train
mond – to say, to tell
mondás – saying; locution
mondat – sentence
jósol – predict
jóslás – prophecy; prediction, forecast
jóslat – prophecy
>The last o is omitted in the substantivated forms.
fúr – to drill
fúrás – drilling
furat – borehole > note that the long ú becomes short u.
terem – to bear, to produce, to grow
termés – crop, harvest
termet – stature, figure
>The last e is omitted in the substantivated forms.
szel – to slice
szelés – slicing
szelet – slice (of bread)
(fel)kel – to get up
(fel)kelés – getting up
kelet – east
akar – to want
akarás – willingness
akarat – will
áll – to stand
állás – standing; job
állat – animal
I stumbled upon your website and your grammar book is very interesting and helpful, since I hope to learn Hungarian and I was wondering if I could print your book for my personal use.
Yes, you can print it. Thank you for using it!
Thank you very much!!!! Do you mean I can print the whole book? I’ve been reading it and it’s extremely helpful. The layout is very clear and defined and makes it easy to learn. Some of the sections are complicated. But that may be just the way I learn. One of my favorite parts is the section on indefinite pronouns. I also enjoy many of the other sections. I like reading grammar books. 😀
Also, in the sections on definite and indefinite verb conjugations, I believe it would be helpful if you added more example sentences; so students could get a feel for the verb usage. But people can just go and look those up on the internet. Your book is very helpful, I’ve enjoyed learning Hungarian with it very much. Thank you!
Yes, you can print the whole book.
Speaking of complicated section, which do you mean? Maybe I can clarify them and make them eaiser for you to learn. If you see this reply of mine today, I can give answers tomorrow. If you don’t, I’ll be able to reply in a week’s time because I work on the weekdays til night.
Let me know…
The Definite and Indefinite Conjugation starting on page 101. If it had more example sentences, it would be very helpful.