INTRODUCTION TO ADVERBS OF MANNER
Hungarian adverbs of manner have a crucial part in expressing mood and condition, answering the question How? = Hogy?
But first let’s see another case in connection with a purpose or a reason. The base for that could be the question word ’Why?’, whose equivalent is Miért? That is, the question word Mi? takes the suffix -ért, whose meaning is the same as the preposition for.
In a word, Hungarian question words are: Miért? – Why? AND Kiért? – For whom?
If you want to say that somebody does something for a purpose or a reason, then do this.
–Miért vagy itt? –Azért vagyok itt, hogy beszéljek veled.
–Why are you here?- I’m here to talk to you.
–Miért vagy itt? –Azért vagyok itt, mert beszélni akarok veled.
–Why are you here? -I’m here because I want to talk to you.
So the question Miért? can be answered with a sentence explaining the purpose or the reason.
ATTENTION! In Hungarian, sometimes there’s an ANTECEDENT at the beginning of the sentence (in this case: Azért). This phenomenon does not exist in English. The first sentence literally is:
I’m here (for the purpose) so that I talk to you.
Whereas the second one:
I’m here (for the reason) that I want to talk to you.
Question: Miért = Why?
Answer: Azért, …hogy = …(in order) to
Question: Miért? = Why?
Answer: Azért, …mert = …because
So much for the introduction.
As for the following issues, we’ll learn the meaning of the suffix -ért and how to form adverbs of manner expressed with -ly in English (happily, easily…)