The Hungarian roots can be used like this:
-keeping the consonants and shading with vowels: magyar = megyer
-mutating the consonants: KöR (circle) > GuRul (to roll)
-using the inversion of the root: MaG (seed) <> GaM (no meaning in itself today)
The first solution can have the same meaning or it can shade the original meaning. In case of magyar-megyer it is the same meaning. Our ancestors used megyer just as magyar.
The second solution implies that consonants can be turned into other consonants. For example the M at the end of a word often changes into NG, ND, N to shade the meaning of that word. Or in case of kör-gurul the words express the same kind of thing, that is a circular motion and K often mutates into G.
I’d like to talk about the third solution in details because the inversion of the root can have the same meaning, it can shade the meaning or it can express the opposite of the base root. Look at this example: CsaVar – FaCSar. What happened in csavar? The root Cs_V was reversed and the V mutated into F, which is also very common. As a result, the two verbs have the opposite meaning. Csavar means to twist, facsar means to wring. The first implies – fundamentally – a motion inwards, the second a motion outwards.
Another example can be megy (to go) – jön (to come). Would you tell about these verbs that they are inversions? This is how it goes: MeGY <> GYeM > GYeN > GYüN > JöN.
So what is it about MaG<> GaM? They imply the same thing: something spherical that has a seed in it or it has the shape of a seed. The vowels and the consonants can change to shade the meaning. The root GaM has no meaning today, but its derivatives do. I’ll keep writing the consonants carrying the meaning in capital letters, so that you see the root better.
MaG – seed
Derivatives of MaG are:
MáK – poppy-seed
MaKK – acorn
MaGYar – Hungarian
MaGyal – holly
MaGzat – embryo
MáGlya – bonfire
MaGas – tall
and possibly NaGY – big
MeGGY – sour cherry
MeGYe – county (Originally means earth, ground. Ancient villages were circular, probably that’s the reason for this word)
The inversion of MaG is GaM. Take a look at the words that originated from it:
GuMó = GüMő – tuber
GoMB – button
GoMBa – mushroom
GoMBóc = GöMBőc – dumpling or something ball-shaped
GöMB – orb
GoMBolyag – skein, hank
GoMolyog – to wreathe
GöMBölyű – round, spherical
GuBó – cocoon
GőG – haughtiness (originally means something empty, spherical, inflatable)
GöNGYöleg – bundle, bale
GYöNGY – pearl
GYüMölcs – fruit
Other examples from our Kun ancestors. The Kuns liked to change the Hungarian consonants like this: G, GY > D, ND, NG, NT, MD, K; D > T.
áGas > áKas = today’s word is eke = plough
We had a word like KiJó. Nowadays we say KíGYó (snake). The inversion of KíGY is GYíK. GYíK means lizard. Animals belonging to the same kind of species, so to say. With consonant mutation GYíK became CSíK (streak, stripe). Obviously lizards and snakes look like a streak from the distance.
Other examples would never really ”show themselves” if we wouldn’t know their origins. Such roots are: ék, kő, üt, tű. Kő (stone) is the inversion of éK (wedge). It is obvious that a stone, especially a sharp one resembles a wedge. With a wedge you can hit things, and so some consonant and vowel mutations will allow us to create the verb üT (hit). The inversion of üt is Tű (needle). And a needle still looks like a small wedge. Out of the root éK, our eKe (plough) was born.
Another phenomenon is when the consonant H modifies the original root. Such root is aL (below, beneath). If you put an h at the beginning of the word, it becomes HaL (fish). Where do fish live? Under the ocean.
A HaL aLul van. – The fish is beneath.
The poetic way of thinking of our ancestors allowed them to identify fish with death:
HaL (fish-noun) – megHaL (to die-verb) – HaLLgat (to listen, to be silent)
What does a person do who died? If someone dies at sea, you say: That man perished at sea = Az az ember tengerbe HALT. And what does a dead person do? He’s silent like a fish, that is HaLLgat. This is how these words developed: aL (beneath) > HaL (fish-to die) > HaLott (dead) > HaLLgat (to be silent, to listen). Also, if someone’s listening to you while you’re speaking, they’re silent.
So much for now. I’ll try to write more.
This is all very interesting! And regarding the inversions of the words and meanings, I am guessing you may have much to say about the rovas directional writing on sticks. How easy would it have been to say something and have it have two shades of meaning, due to the direction of the writing, or the dropping of vowels. A puzzle in words. Sounds very Hungarian and I mean that from a perspective of loving word puzzles (and mathematical puzzles) with clever solutions.
This explains why “gondol” (to think) and “dolog” (thing) are mirrored!!! This has always perplexed me, and particularly so after I heard an Alan Watts recording… He remarked that the words “thing” and “think” are similar to each other in so many different languages. And it’s because a “thing” is a product of “thinking”. Think-ed–>Thing. So then I noticed this was “oppositely true” in Hungarian, in which the words did NOT sound the same…..but almost!! Now I see why 🙂 🙂 Oh, and he mentioned that “matter” comes from “mother” (literally and figuratively). The created comes from a creator. In Hungarian, “anya” (mother) and “anyag” (matter).
Dolog and gondol might be ‘relatives’. The dictionary Czuczor-Fogarasi derivates it from the verb tol (to push). Dolog has something to do with working. Even today we say ‘Dolgom van – I have work to do.’ But we can’t deny that if we think of something and create it, it will become a thing. 🙂
Be careful with false friends (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/False_friend), I found some errors. The word “dolog” is of Slavic origin (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/dolog). The verb “gondol” is from the noun “gond” plus the verb suffix “ol” (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gondol). On the second column, the words “gomb” and “gomba” are of Greek and Slavic origin respectively and both “gyöngy” and “gyümölcs” are of Turkic origin (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gomb, https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gomba, https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gyöngy, https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/gyümölcs). I doubt that the words “hal” (fish), “hal” (to kill) and “hall” (to hear) are of the same etymology because they all have different Uralic roots (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/hal#Hungarian), (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/hall#Hungarian).
Yes, gondol is gond+-ol. I’m talking about this: if you think of something and you create it, it’ll become a thing. In abstract sense, you can play around with words like that. I wouldn’t trust anything I read on wiktionary because what you can read there is the same old political (!) nonsense we’ve been told for a thousand year now. Fact is that 95% of our vocabulary are Hungarian words. And that can be proven by the roots and its derivations.
The words you wrote cannot be loan-words because they have a vast variety of meanings based on them, whereas in Turkish, Greek and Slavic languages such words stand alone or they only have a few versions created with suffixes.