Hungarian has one present tense called jelen idő. All four English present tenses are to be translated with the one Hungarian present tense.
HIGH AND DEEP-VOWEL VERBS WITH INDEFINITE CONJUGATION
vezet (to drive), tör (to break), lát (to see)
-(o)k, -(e)k, -(ö)k
-tok, -tek, -tök
1st PS: A link vowel is needed because verbs usually end in a consonant. Verbs with ö, ő, ü, ű take the suffix -ök. Deep-vowel verbs take -ok. Regular high-vowel verbs take -ek.
2nd PS: Usually no link vowel is needed. You just add -sz to the verb.
3rd PS: The indefinite conjugation has no suffix to the 3rd PS form. This form is the right choice to give the basic form of the verb > dictionary form. You just remove the -ni infinitive ending and you have this 3rd PS form.
1st PP: Link vowels are needed. Deep verbs take -unk, high verbs take -ünk.
2nd PP: No link vowel needed for these forms. Verbs with ö, ő, ü, ű take -tök. Deep verbs take -tok. High verbs take -tek.
3rd PP: No link vowel is needed. Just add -nak to deep verbs and -nek to high verbs.
These suffixes should be familiar to you since you already know some of them. If you attach -unk, -ünk, -tok, -tek, -tök to a noun, they are possessive endings. As well as the -nak, -nek suffixes have the same form as the dative suffixes. Only their form is similar, not their meaning. I wanted it to be a curiosity, not a rule to be worried about. It’s quite smart to use almost the same suffixes with nouns as with verbs, but with a different function. Well…Hungarian is a real miracle to me. 🙂
Next time we’ll talk more about indefinite conjugation. There are a thing or two to make clear. Bye now!